284 VALLABHlCH/BTA?S DOCTBJNBS. adherents. A life of celibacy being utterly at variance with his ideas of a reasonable religion, lie took to himself a wife at Banaras and became the father of two SOD5, Gopimtlis bom in 1511, and Bitthalnath in 1518. His visits to Bra] we» long and frequent. There, in 1520, he founded at Grobardhan the temple of Sri-aath ; and at Brinda-baa saw in a vision the god Krishna, who directed Mm to introduce a new devotion in his honor^ wherein he should be adored In the form of a child under the title of Balkrishna OP Bai Gropai ; which is still the cuitas most affected by Ms descendants at the present day* His permanent home, however^ was at Banaras? where lie com- posed Ms theological works, of which the most extensive is a commentary oa the Bhagavad Gita? called the Snbodhini, and where be died in the year 15SL He was succeeded in the pontificate by his second son, Bitthaln&th, who propagated Ms father's doctrines with great zeal and success throughout all the south and west of India, and himself received 252 distinguished proselytes, whose acts am recorded in a Hindi work called the * Do San B&van Varta.* Finally* in 1565? he settled down at Gokol and, at the age of seventy, breathed his last on the sacred hill of Gobardhan. By his two wives he had a family of seven sons, Giridliar3 Goblnd, Bal-krisaanj Gokulnath, Haghnnath, Jadunaths and Ghansyam. Of these3 the fourth, Goknlnathj is by far the most famous and his descendants in consequence claim some slight pre-eminence above their kinsmen. Hi.« principal representative is the Gosain at Bombay. Unlike other Hindu sects^ in which the religions teachers are ordinarily un- married, all the (Jospins among the Yallahhacharyas are iavariaHy family men and engage freely in secular pursuits. They are the Epicureans of the east and are not ashamed to avow their belief that the ideal life consists rather in social enjoyment than in solitude and mortification.. Such a creed is naturally des* tractive of a& self-restraint even in matters where indulgence is by common consent held criminal; and the profligacy to which it has given rise is so notori- ous that the late Mahfeaja of Jaypnr was mo^ed to expel from his capital the ancient image of Croko! Caandrama, for which the sect entertained a special Teneration. He further conceived such a prejudice against Vaishnavas in genera!3 ihat all his subjects were compelleda before they appeared in Ms presence, to mmrfc their forehead with the three horizontal lines that indicate a votary of Siva. The scmiidaloiis practices of the €rosains and the unnatural subserviency of the people in ministering to their gratification received a crushing e&pm£ in a cause for libel tried before &© Supreme Conrt of Bombay in 1861, from the iefaulecl narrative of wMeh I have borrowed a considerable amount of information.